The Australian Medal for Gallantry: Awarded for acts of gallantry in action in hazardous circumstances. The award was established on January 15, 1991 as part of three new military gallantry decorations introduced in the Australian system of honours and awards. Issued to members of the Defence Force and others. In the order of precedence it ranks after the Star of Gallantry but before the Commendation for Gallantry. Subsequent awards to the same person will be made in the form of a Bar. It may be awarded posthumously.
The Medal for Gallantry is a circular silver-gilt medal 38 millimetres in diameter ensigned with a Crown of Saint Edward in silver-gilt. The obverse bears a central device of a Federation Star superimposed on a circle of flames representing action under fire. The reverse bears a horizontal panel 28 millimetres across and 9 millimetres high, superimposed over a design of fluted rays of varying lengths.
The Medal is suspended from a ribbon 32 millimetres wide and has chevrons of deep orange 1.75 millimetres wide alternating with chevrons of light orange 3.25 millimetres wide angled at 60 degrees.