3 SEP 1915: World War I and Temporary Lieutenant William Thomas Dartnell, 25th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, originally from Melbourne, earns the Victoria Cross at Maktau, British East Africa.
It was a posthumous award. William Dartnell, born at Collingwood, Melbourne, was only 15 years old when he enlisted for service in South Africa with the Victorian Mounted Rifles in 1901.
He returned to South Africa in 1913 and was working there when war was declared. Using the name Wilbur Taylor Dartnell, he joined the 25th Battalion, the Royal Fusiliers, as a temporary lieutenant, and in April 1915 sailed for service in British East Africa.
Dartnell’s Victoria Cross was awarded posthumously for his actions on 3 September 1915, near Maktau, East Africa.
His citation in part; “On 3 September 1915, near Maktau, Kenya, during a mounted infantry engagement, the enemy were so close that it was impossible to get the more severely wounded away. Lieutenant Dartnell, who was himself being carried away wounded in the leg, seeing the situation, and knowing that the enemy’s black troops murdered the wounded, insisted on being left behind, in the hope of being able to save the lives of other wounded men. He gave his own life in a gallant attempt to save others.”
Wounded in the leg during an ambush, he insisted on being left behind to allow other wounded companions to be carried away.
Though he was twice asked to leave, he refused and began firing at the Germans around him. When his body was found, seven enemy dead were lying nearby.
Dartnell was awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously, he also received the Queen’s South Africa Medal and service medals for the First World War. In the day, Posthumous VC winners (yes, the official term is “win” a VC) had the award hand-drawn on photographs. More; http://ow.ly/RJDPs