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Moudros Agreement Signed

30 OCT 1918: World War I and an Armistice is in place with Turkey The Armistice signed with Turkey, is enacted today ending Turkish involvement in the First World War.

Australian troops had taken a prominent part in the war against the Ottoman empire, especially on Gallipoli and in Sinai-Palestine. The Armistice of Mudros (Turkish: Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded today, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of World War I.

It was signed by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe, on board HMS Agamemnon in Moudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos.

As part of several conditions to the armistice, the Ottomans surrendered their remaining garrisons outside Anatolia, as well as granted the Allies the right to occupy forts controlling the Straits of the Dardanelles and the Bosporus; and the right to occupy “in case of disorder” any Ottoman territory in case of a threat to security.

The Ottoman army including Ottoman airforce was demobilized, and all ports, railways, and other strategic points were made available for use by the Allies. In the Caucasus, the Ottomans had to retreat to within the pre-war borders between the Ottoman and the Russian Empires.

The armistice was followed with occupation of Constantinople and subsequent partitioning of the Ottoman Empire. The Treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920) followed the armistice, but this treaty was never ratified due to the Turkish victory at the Turkish War. Photo; HMS Agamemnon. More; http://ow.ly/2rpV305ED5r

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